The New Republic, also known as the Republic, was a democratic government composed of various member worlds spread across the galaxy. It was the restoration of the Galactic Republic, a democratic state that governed the galaxy for a millennium until the rise of the Galactic Empire. Instead of affixing its capital to Coruscant, the galaxy’s historical seat of government, each member world would have the chance to host the newly-restored Galactic Senate on a rotating basis. The New Republic’s first capital was Chandrila; a planet located in the Core Worlds like Coruscant, it was also the homeworld of Chancellor Mon Mothma, the new government’s first head of state. Approximately three decades after the formation of the Republic, the cosmopolitan world of Hosnian Prime was serving as the Senate’s headquarters.
The seal adopted by the New Republic Provisional Council as the Insignia of the New Republic was based upon the symbol of the Alliance that preceded it, the blue crest of the Alliance – which was in fact featured in red more often. It was set within a circle of stars that represented the galactic community.